List of Homemade Organic Recipes
(prepared by Maher Jabado Jue 25-2008)


Good day; I hope the following gathered info will be of interest to you ; These would give you simple practical and naural solutions to small scale gardening disease problems without the need to use chemicals; Pls use these ideas with caution and test on small scale to check benefits.

Note: The sources used in this study include sevral international measures; I have added a general table at the end of this study that can help you make all needed conversions and that you can keep for future references
**************************************************************************************************

Instead of using chemicals, organic gardeners like to take a simpler approach to fertilizers, pesticides and fungicides. Successful versions of each can be mixed up using ingredients that are already in your kitchen along with the kitchen blender.

You can make garlic and water insecticide that can be kept in a frozen concentrate form and used later. The garlic mixture can also be added to a seaweed fertilizer, such as kelp, for an extra boost of nutrients every few weeks. A homemade pesticide can be made from habanero peppers (or any other hot pepper) and a homemade fungicide made from baking soda. Plus, tips on the use of eggshells to prevent blossom end rot and aluminum foil to ward off cutworms.

Garlic Tea concentrate:

Ingredients:

Liquefy two bulbs of garlic

1-1/2 cups of water

Directions:

Mix to create concentrated garlic tea, a good all-purpose insecticide that makes crops undesirable to pests. Strain any solids out of the mixture and add enough water to make a gallon. Use this concentrate right away, or freeze in 1/4-cup muffin tins to use later.

Garlic tea can be brewed in combination with a seaweed fertilizer:

Ingredients:

4 Tbsp. seaweed

1 Tbsp. vinegar

1 frozen garlic-tea cube

Directions:

Mix in a gallon sprayer. You can apply this application weekly in the spring and once every two to three weeks in the summer months. Habanero peppers also make a good contact insecticide when blended with water. It too can be frozen in concentrate form. It can be added to the seaweed-garlic mixture but should be applied only where an active pest problem is observed.

For curing black spot, mildew or brown patch make an effective fungicide:

Ingredients:

4 Tbsp. baking soda

1 tsp. gentle soap

1 gallon water

Directions:

Mix in a sprayer or watering canner. Use this mixture sparingly and keep it off the soil as it affects soil pH.

Tomato Tips: A few other items in your kitchen can help tomato plants. Aluminum foil can be wrapped around the lower 2 inches of the stems of the tomato plants and kept above grade at planting deters cutworms. You could also use paper towel or toilet paper rolls, and tomato sauce cans, with no top or bottom. Broken eggshells can be put in the hole with the tomato plants providing calcium to help prevent blossom end rot.

Homemade Horticultural Oil spray recipe

1 tablespoon vegetable cooking oil and 1 teaspoon of NON-DEGREASING liquid dishwashing detergent per gallon of water

Potassium bicarbonate Fungicide

Mix 4 teaspoons (about 1 rounded tablespoon) of potassium bicarbonate into one gallon of water. Spray lightly on foliage of plants afflicted with black spot, powdery mildew, brown patch and other fungal diseases. Potassium bicarbonate is a good substitute for baking soda. There are commercial EPA registered as well as generic products available.

Baking Soda Fungicide
Mix 4 teaspoons (about 1 rounded tablespoon) of baking soda and 1 tablespoon of horticultural oil into one gallon of water. Spray lightly on foliage of plants afflicted with black spot, powdery mildew, brown patch and other fungal diseases. Avoid over-using or pouring on the soil. Potassium bicarbonate is a good substitute for baking soda. Citrus oil and molasses can be used instead of horticultural oil.

Vinegar Fungicide
Mix 3 tablespoons of natural apple cider vinegar in one gallon of water. Spray during the cool part of the day for black spot on roses and other fungal diseases. Adding molasses at 1 tablespoon per gallon will again help.

Compost tea
Manure compost tea is effective on many pests because of certain microorganisms that exist in it naturally. Heres how to make compost tea at home. Use any container but a plastic bucket is easy for the homeowner. Fill the 5-15 gallon bucket half full of compost and finish filling with water. Let the mix sit for 10-14 days and then dilute and spray on the foliage of any and all plants including fruit trees, perennials, annuals, vegetables and roses, and other plants, especially those that are regularly attacked by insects or fungal pests. Its very effective for example on black spot on roses and early blight on tomatoes. How to dilute the dark compost tea before using depends on the compost used. A rule of thumb is to dilute the leachate down to one part compost liquid to four to ten parts water. It should look like iced tea. Be sure to strain the solids out with old pantyhose, cheese cloth, or row cover material. Add two tablespoons of molasses to each gallon of spray for more power. Add citrus oil for even greater pest killing power.

Cornmeal Juice
Cornmeal Juice is a natural fungal control for use in any kind of sprayer. Make by soaking horticultural cornmeal in water at one cup per gallon of water. Put the cornmeal a nylon stocking bag to hold in the larger particles. The milky juice of the cornmeal will permeate the water and this mix should be sprayed without further diluting. Cornmeal Juice can be mixed with compost tea, Garrett Juice or any other natural foliar feeding spray.

Garlic Pepper Tea
To make garlic/pepper tea, liquefy 2 bulbs of garlic and 2 hot peppers in a blender 1/2 to 2/3 full of water. Strain the solids and add enough water to the garlic/pepper juice to make 1 gallon of concentrate. Use 1/4 cup of concentrate per gallon of spray. To make garlic tea, simply omit the pepper and add another bulb of garlic. Add two tablespoons of blackstrap molasses for more control.

Garrett Juice (ready to spray)
Mix the following ingredients in a gallon of water (about 3.5 ltrs).

1 cup manure based compost tea
1 ounce molasses
1 ounce natural apple cider vinegar
1 ounce liquid seaweed

For more fertilizer value, add 2 oz (about 60 ml). liquid fish.

For disease and insect control add:
cup garlic tea or
cup garlic/pepper tea
or 1 ounce (about 30 gms) of orange oil

For homemade fire ant killer add:
2 ounces (about 60 gm) of citrus oil per gallon of Garrett Juice

Garrett Juice Concentrate
The ready-to-use solution should not have more than 2 ounces of orange oil per gallon.

1 gallon Compost Tea
1 pint (about 2 cups) Cider Vinegar
1 pint Liquefied Seaweed
1 pint Blackstrap Molasses

Mix all ingredients together. For spraying, use 1 cups of concentrate per 1 gallon of water.
*1 pint = 2 cups = 16 ounces

Making Compost

A compost pile can be started in sun or shade at any time of the year. Good ingredients include leaves, hay, grass clippings, tree trimmings, food scraps, bark, sawdust, rice hulls, weeds, nut hulls and animal manure. Mix the ingredients together in a container of wood, hay bales, hog wire, concrete blocks or simply pile the material on the ground. The best mixture is 75-80% vegetative matter and 20-25% animal waste, although any mix will compost. The ingredients should be a mix of coarse and fine-textured material. Avoid having all the pieces of material the same size since the variety of sizes will help air to move through the pile. Oxygen is a critical ingredient. Turn the pile at least once a month; more often speeds up the process. Keep the pile moist, roughly the moisture of a squeezed-out sponge, to help the living microorganisms thrive and work their magic. Compost is ready to use when the ingredients are no longer identifiable. The color will be dark brown, the texture soft and crumbly and the aroma that of a forest floor. Use compost in all bed preparation and as a high quality mulch around annuals and perennials.

Toenail Fungus Treatment
What has been reported to me by a listener is to put of cornmeal in a flat pan thats large enough to get your feet in. Add enough warm water to cover the feet and soak over an hour. The Alliance Pond Cleaner cornmeal product might be the best choice because of its fine texture. Soak feet for over an hour. More than one treatment may be needed. See Cornmeal for additional information.

Tree Trunk Goop
Mix 1/3 of each in water and paint on trunks: diatomaceous earth, soft rock phosphate, manure compost. Paint onto cuts, borer holes or other injuries on trunks or limbs. Reapply if washed off by rain or irrigation.

CONVERSIONS & Equivalent Measures
Metric Conversion Calculators & Tables & Imperial/US/Metric Conversions
Temperature Conversions, Weight Conversions, Length Conversions,
Shoe Size Comparison Charts

Conversion Calculators:

TEMPERATURE CONVERSION CALCULATOR
Fahrenheit [F]  <=> Celsius [C]

Tc = (5/9)* (Tf - 32)
Tf = ((9/5)*Tc) + 32

9/5=1.8    5/9=0.5556

-40 F  = -40 C

98.6 F  = 37 C
(Human Body Temp.)

F
C
LENGTH CONVERSION CALCULATOR
Foot [ft]  <=> Meter [m]

1 ft = 0.3048 m (SI)

ft
m
LENGTH CONVERSION CALCULATOR
Inch [in]  <=> Centimeters [cm]

1 in = 2.54 cm (SI)

in
cm
WEIGHT CONVERSION CALCULATOR
Pounds [Lbs]  <=> Kilograms [Kg]

1 Lbs = 0.4535924 Kg (SI)

Lbs
Kg

WEIGHT CONVERSION CALCULATOR

Ounces [oz]  <=> Grams [g] (SI)

1 oz = 28.34952 g (SI)

oz


g

VOLUME CONVERSION CALCULATOR

Fluid Ounces US [fl oz.]  <=> Milliliters[ml]

1 fl oz (US) = 29.57353 ml (SI)

fl oz.


ml

VOLUME CONVERSION CALCULATOR

Fluid Ounces UK [fl oz.]  <=> Milliliters[ml]

1 fl oz (UK) = 28.41307 ml (SI)

fl oz.


ml

For those of us who need to convert teaspoons to tablespoons, tablespoons to cupfuls, and cupfuls to liters...

Equivalent Measures
3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon
4 tablespoons = 1/4 cup
5 tablespoons + 1 teaspoon = 1/3 cup
8 tablespoons = 1/2 cup
12 tablespoons = 3/4 cup
16 tablespoons = 1 cup (8 ounces)
2 cups = 1 pint (16 ounces)
4 cups (2 pints) = 1 quart (32 ounces)
8 cups (4 pints) = 1/2 gallon (64 ounces)
4 quarts = 1 gallon (128 ounces)
Metric Conversion Table
U.S.UNITS CANADIAN METRIC AUSTRALIAN METRIC
1/4 teaspoon 1 ml 1 ml
1/2 teaspoon 2 ml 2 ml
1 teaspoon 5 ml 5 ml
1 tablespoon 15 ml 20 ml
1/4 cup 50 ml 60 ml
1/3 cup 75 ml 80 ml
1/2 cup 125 ml 125 ml
2/3 cup 150 ml 170 ml
3/4 cup 175 ml 190 ml
1 cup 250 ml 250 ml
1 quart 1 liter 1 liter = 1000 ml
1-1/2 quarts 1.5 liters 1.5 liters
2 quarts 2 liters 2 liters
2-1/2 quarts 2.5 liters 2.5 liters
3 quarts 3 liters 3 liters
4 quarts 4 liters 4 liters
1 ounce (oz.) 30 grams 30 grams
2 ounces (oz.) 55 grams 60 grams
3 ounces (oz.) 85 grams 90 grams
4 ounces (1/4 pound) 115 grams 125 grams
8 ounces (1/2 pound) 225 grams 250 grams
16 ounces (1 pound) 455 grams 500 grams
1 pound 455 grams 1/2 kilogram

 

Imperial - Metric Weight Conversions lbs, Kg, g

Imperial Metric
1/2 oz. 14 g
1 oz. 28 g
2 oz. 57 g
3 oz. 85 g
4 oz. (1/4 lbs.) 113 g
5 oz. 142 g
6 oz. 170 g
8 oz. = (1/2 lbs.) 226.8 g = 0.226 Kg
12 oz. = (3/4 lbs.) 340 g = 0.34 Kg
16 oz. = (1 lbs.) 453.5 g = 0.453 Kg
1 oz. = 30 g 1 lbs. = 16 oz. (453.5 g)
1 g = 0.35 oz. 1 kg = 2.2 lbs. = 1000 g


Imperial = Metric = US units Conversions

Imperial Metric US units
1/2 fl 15 ml 1 tbsp
1 fl oz. 28 ml 1/8 cup
2 fl oz. 56 ml 1/4 cup
3 fl oz. 84 ml 3/8 cup
4 fl oz. 112 ml 1/2 cup
5 fl oz. (1/4 pint) 140 ml 2/3 cup
6 fl oz. 168 ml 3/4 cup
8 fl oz. 224 ml 1 cup (1/2 pint)
10 fl oz. (1/2 pint) 280 ml 300 ml
12 fl oz. 336 ml 1 1/2 cup
16 fl oz. 448 ml 2 cups (1 pint)
20 fl oz. (1 pint) 560 ml 2 1/2 cups
1 1/2 pints 900 ml 3 3/4 cup
1 3/4 pints 1 litre 4 cups (1qt)
2 pints 1 1/4 litres 1 1/4 quarts
2 1/3 pints 1 1/2 litres 3 US pints
3 1/4 pints 2 litres 2 quarts
1 tsp = 1/2 fl oz. (5 ml) 1 UK pint = 20 fl oz.  
1 tbsp = 1 1/2 fl oz. (15 ml) 1 US pint = 16 fl oz.  
1 fl oz. = 30 ml 1 litre = 33 fl oz. (1 US qt)  
1ml = 0.035 fl oz.    


Temperature Conversions

F Gas C
225 1/4 110
250 1/2 120
275 1 140
300 2 150
325 3 160
350 4 175
375 5 190
400 6 204.44
425 7 220
450 8 230
475 9 240
500 10 260


Length Conversions

Length

1 cm = 0.4 in
1 in = 2.54 cm = 0.0254 m = 25.4 mm
1 foot = 30.5 cm = 0.305 m = 305 mm
1 foot = 12 in
 

inch/mm CONVERSION CHART

TO CONVERT TO MILLIMETERS:
 MULTIPLY INCHES by 25.4
  TO CONVERT TO INCHES; MULTIPLY MILLIMETERS by 0.03937
OR
DIVIDE MILLIMETERS BY 25.4
INCHES METRIC   INCHES METRIC   INCHES METRIC  
FRACTIONAL DECIMAL mm   FRACTIONAL DECIMAL mm   FRACTIONAL DECIMAL mm
. 0.0039 0.1000   . 0.5512 14.0000   . 1.8898 48.0000
. 0.0079 0.2000   9/16 0.5625 14.2875   . 1.9291 49.0000
. 0.0118 0.3000   . 0.5709 14.5000   . 1.9685 50.0000
1/64 0.0156 0.3969   37/64 0.5781 14.6844   2 2.0000 50.8000
. 0.0157 0.4000   . 0.5906 15.0000   . 2.0079 51.0000
. 0.0197 0.5000   19/32 0.5938 15.0813   . 2.0472 52.0000
. 0.0236 0.6000   39/64 0.6094 15.4781   . 2.0866 53.0000
. 0.0276 0.7000   . 0.6102 15.5000   . 2.1260 54.0000
1/32 0.0313 0.7938   5/8 0.6250 15.8750   . 2.1654 55.0000
. 0.0315 0.8000   . 0.6299 16.0000   . 2.2047 56.0000
. 0.0354 0.9000   41/64 0.6406 16.2719   . 2.2441 57.0000
. 0.0394 1.0000   . 0.6496 16.5000   2 1/4 2.2500 57.1500
. 0.0433 1.1000   21/32 0.6563 16.6688   . 2.2835 58.0000
3/64 0.0469 1.1906   . 0.6693 17.0000   . 2.3228 59.0000
. 0.0472 1.2000   43/64 0.6719 17.0656   . 2.3622 60.0000
. 0.0512 1.3000   11/16 0.6875 17.4625   . 2.4016 61.0000
. 0.0551 1.4000   . 0.6890 17.5000   . 2.4409 62.0000
. 0.0591 1.5000   45/64 0.7031 17.8594   . 2.4803 63.0000
1/16 0.0625 1.5875   . 0.7087 18.0000   2 1/2 2.5000 63.5000
. 0.0630 1.6000   23/32 0.7188 18.2563   . 2.5197 64.0000
. 0.0669 1.7000   . 0.7283 18.5000   . 2.5591 65.0000
. 0.0709 1.8000   47/64 0.7344 18.6531   . 2.5984 66.0000
. 0.0748 1.9000   . 0.7480 19.0000   . 2.6378 67.0000
5/64 0.0781 1.9844   3/4 0.7500 19.0500   . 2.6772 68.0000
. 0.0787 2.0000   49/64 0.7656 19.4469   . 2.7165 69.0000
. 0.0827 2.1000   . 0.7677 19.5000   2 3/4 2.7500 69.8500
. 0.0866 2.2000   25/32 0.7813 19.8438   . 2.7559 70.0000
. 0.0906 2.3000   . 0.7874 20.0000   . 2.7953 71.0000
3/32 0.0938 2.3813   51/64 0.7969 20.2406   . 2.8346 72.0000
. 0.0945 2.4000   . 0.8071 20.5000   . 2.8740 73.0000
. 0.0984 2.5000   13/16 0.8125 20.6375   . 2.9134 74.0000
7/64 0.1094 2.7781   . 0.8268 21.0000   . 2.9528 75.0000
. 0.1181 3.0000   53/64 0.8281 21.0344   . 2.9921 76.0000
1/8 0.1250 3.1750   27/32 0.8438 21.4313   3 3.0000 76.2000
. 0.1378 3.5000   . 0.8465 21.5000   . 3.0315 77.0000
9/64 0.1406 3.5719   55/64 0.8594 21.8281   . 3.0709 78.0000
5/32 0.1563 3.9688   . 0.8661 22.0000   . 3.1102 79.0000
. 0.1575 4.0000   7/8 0.8750 22.2250   . 3.1496 80.0000
11/64 0.1719 4.3656   . .8858 22.5000   . 3.1890 81.0000
. 0.1772 4.5000   57/64 .89063 22.6219   . 3.2283 82.0000
3/16 0.1875 4.7625   . .9055 23.0000   . 3.2677 83.0000
. 0.1969 5.0000   29/32 .90625 23.0188   . 3.3071 84.0000
13/64 0.2031 5.1594   59/64 .92188 23.4156   . 3.3465 85.0000
. 0.2165 5.5000   . .9252 23.5000   . 3.3858 86.0000
7/32 0.2188 5.5563   15/16 .93750 23.8125   . 3.4252 87.0000
15/64 0.2344 5.9531   . .9449 24.0000   . 3.4646 88.0000
. 0.2362 6.0000   61/64 .95313 24.2094   3 1/2 3.5000 88.9000
1/4 0.2500 6.3500   . .9646 24.5000   . 3.5039 89.0000
. 0.2559 6.5000   31/32 .96875 24.6063   . 3.5433 90.0000
17/64 0.2656 6.7469   . .9843 25.0000   . 3.5827 91.0000
. 0.2756 7.0000   63/64 .98438 25.0031   . 3.6220 92.0000
9/32 0.2813 7.1438   1 1.000 25.40   . 3.6614 93.0000
. 0.2953 7.5000   . 1.0039 25.5000   . 3.7008 94.0000
19/64 0.2969 7.5406   . 1.0236 26.0000   . 3.7402 95.0000
5/16 0.3125 7.9375   . 1.0433 26.5000   . 3.7795 96.0000
. 0.3150 8.0000   . 1.0630 27.0000   . 3.8189 97.0000
21/64 0.3281 8.3344   . 1.0827 27.5000   . 3.8583 98.0000
. 0.3346 8.5000   . 1.1024 28.0000   . 3.8976 99.0000
11/32 0.3438 8.7313   . 1.1220 28.5000   . 3.9370 100.0000
. 0.3543 9.0000   . 1.1417 29.0000   4 4.0000 101.6000
23/64 0.3594 9.1281   . 1.1614 29.5000   . 4.3307 110.0000
. 0.3740 9.5000   . 1.1811 30.0000   4 1/2 4.5000 114.3000
3/8 0.3750 9.5250   . 1.2205 31.0000   . 4.7244 120.0000
25/64 0.3906 9.9219   1 1/4 1.2500 31.7500   5 5.0000 127.0000
. 0.3937 10.0000   . 1.2598 32.0000   . 5.1181 130.0000
13/32 0.4063 10.3188   . 1.2992 33.0000   . 5.5118 140.0000
. 0.4134 10.5000   . 1.3386 34.0000   . 5.9055 150.0000
27/64 0.4219 10.7156   . 1.3780 35.0000   6 6.0000 152.4000
. 0.4331 11.0000   . 1.4173 36.0000   . 6.2992 160.0000
7/16 0.4375 11.1125   . 1.4567 37.0000   . 6.6929 170.0000
. 0.4528 11.5000   . 1.4961 38.0000   . 7.0866 180.0000
29/64 0.4531 11.5094   1 1/2 1.5000 38.1000   . 7.4803 190.0000
15/32 0.4688 11.9063   . 1.5354 39.0000   . 7.8740 200.0000
. 0.4724 12.0000   . 1.5748 40.0000   8 8.0000 203.2000
31/64 0.4844 12.3031   . 1.6142 41.0000   . 9.8425 250.0000
. 0.4921 12.5000   . 1.6535 42.0000   10 10.0000 254.0000
1/2 0.5000 12.7000   . 1.6929 43.0000   20 20.0000 508.0000
. 0.5118 13.0000   . 1.7323 44.0000   30 30.0000 762.0000
33/64 0.5156 13.0969   1 3/4 1.7500 44.4500   40 40.0000 1016.000
17/32 0.5313 13.4938   . 1.7717 45.0000   60 60.0000 1524.000
. 0.5315 13.5000   . 1.8110 46.0000   80 80.0000 2032.000
35/64 0.5469 13.8906   . 1.8504 47.0000   100 100.0000 2540.000

 

Shoe Size Comparison Charts

Men Shoe Size

UK

4 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 10 11 11 12 13 14 15

US

5 6 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 13 14 15 16

Continental

37 38 38 39 40 40 41 42 42 43 44 44 45 46 46 47 48 49 51

Japanese

23 24 24 25 25 26 26 27 27 28 28 29 29 30 - - - - -

Shoe Size Comparison Charts

Women Shoe Size

UK

- - - 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8

US

4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 10 11

Continental

34 34 35 35 36 37 37 38 38 39 40 40 41 42 42

Japanese

- - - 22 22 23 23 24 24 25 25 26 26 27 27

Youth Shoe Size

UK

1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6

US

2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7

Continental

33 34 34 35 35 36 37 37 38 38 39 40

Japanese

20 20 21 21 22 22 23 23 24 24 25 25

Infant & Kids Shoe Sizes

UK

2 3 4 4 5 6 7 8 8 9 10 11 11 12 13 13

US

3 4 5 5 6 7 8 9 9 10 11 12 12 13 1 1

Continental

18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 32

Japanese

- - - - - - - - - - - - 18 18 19 19

Shoe Size Comparison Charts